The visual rehabilitation is a natural method that allows improved vision, through relaxation, movement and visual habits change. Effective for vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, presbyopia (farsightedness) or strabismus.
Glasses and contact lenses do not solve these problems, in fact almost always worse, the same way that a wheelchair does not teach to walk.
Was ophthalmologist Dr. William H. Bates who developed and implemented the method of "Visual Training or Natural Vision Improvement" in the
States for nearly a hundred years. This gave
a holistic discipline that has helped solve the visual problems of millions of
In Europe, the Natural Vision is well developed in countries like
Britain, Germany and Italy, where there are associations
of visual educators who apply for years. Currently in Spain, thanks
to the hospital AIEV (Italian Association for Visual Education) are conducting
workshops and the first in which the educator visual by visual games, teaches
the techniques and habits to retrain the eyes and learn to see well again. It
is available to everyone, regardless of age, and is not complicated but invites
us to change habits and leave psychological attitudes with which perhaps we
felt very comfortable vision without glasses.
The three basic principles of the Bates Method, which are the three habits of the eye that looks good are:
• First principle: MOVEMENT
"The only constant is change"
The normal eye is in constant motion, a rested and relaxed eye can ... to 60 movements per second! The eyes of the visually impaired move much less than those with normal vision.
The rejection of the motion, which also extends to the body, emotions and mind, is an attempt to create a "safe environment" where things change as little as possible. This attempt impossible "for the world", and makes gaze voltage overload the visual system. Bates proposed end of fighting and relax consciously and voluntarily.
• Second principle: Centralization
Following gaze, visually impaired people trying to see, such as a person's face, all at once, as if trying to capture a photo. A visual Bates this bad habit called "Broadcast". Physiologically, equally clearly see everything at once is impossible, since it is only a very small region of the retina that allows clear vision, bright and colorful (the periphery of our visual field is never seen clearly, is more blurred and less colored, and naturally so!), ie our eye can only see clearly only the central point of what you are looking (hence "centralization"). Proper centralization can only be given on a permanent eye movement that explores the visual field in front of him, from one point to another point and another, and another .... Allows the brain to build a crisp, clear picture. By contrast, if you "spread" look, trying to see everything equally well, what you get to see all equally bad, and the brain build a blur Health info.
• Third principle: RELAXATION
It is easy to see that when you are relaxed, you feel better and look better. To clearly see the eye and the mind must be free of stress and tension, so difficult in our society today. The eye relaxed looks good, no need to do anything to see, passive, receptive look is natural, our visual system works perfectly if we add tension and stiffness.
If the eye is relaxed, move freely, and if it moves freely, relaxed ... Relaxation and movement does not exist without each other ... and neither can exist without centralization. The three principles are part of the same phenomenon, can not be divided and one without them the other two.
Through techniques, relaxation and games visual educator teaches visually impaired people to move, relax and centralize the look, and are experienced in the same workshops or individual sessions moments of clear vision, and are given the tools to be able to continue with visual improvement. It is important for a professional to guide and verify that the visual games are being done correctly, it would be very easy to make them fall in blood autodidácticamente or fixity without realizing.